Toyota 22RE Timing Chain

The 22RE is a legendary Toyota engine.  Used in many of Toyota’s smaller pickup trucks this engine has longevity to spare (what Toyota engine doesn’t?).

Despite its great reputation and low maintenance it isn’t perfect.  After years of service the timing chain will start to loosen and contact the chain’s cover.  Below are pictures from a 1993 Toyota pickup truck with over 230,000 miles on the clock.  As you can see by the dark oil deposits on the inside of the cover this engine worked hard for its living.  The track you can see on the inside lip of the cover is the machining of the cover by the loose timing chain.  If left too long this would have worn its way into the cooling jacket of the engine.  This would have caused the coolant and oil to mix and ultimately would have destroyed the engine.

When caught early enough a new timing chain kit will solve this problem and will give the engine countless more miles of service.

Toyota 22RE Timing Cover Damage


New Timing Gear Installed:

New Timing Chain Installed - Toyota 22RE



Volkswagen 2.8L VR6

This is engine work on a 2002 Volkswagen Jetta VR6.  The VR6 engine is a brilliant engine design where the cylinders are in a ‘V’ design but the engine still only uses one cylinder head, instead of the traditional two heads that all other V engines use.

The ‘R’ in VR6 stands for ‘narrow angle’.  Rumor is that VW jumped on this when the patent for this design expired.  The VR6 first saw production in the VW Corrado, followed by the GTI.  It recieved mass acclaim from the automotive news press and was considered by many to have saved the hot-hatch market segment that was basically invented by VW’s first GTI – marketed in the US as the Rabbit GTI.

Here’s the cylinder head – it isn’t much bigger than an inline four cylinder:

VW VR6 Cylinder Head

Here’s the engine block:

VW VR6 Engine Block

Note here that it is mounted transversely in the Jetta and again isn’t much bigger than a four-cylinder.


A common service challenge with the VR6 is the timing gear.  This engine came apart because it had blown a head gasket from overheating.  However, like many VR6’s with some milage on it, the timing chain guides were damaged.  If left unrepaired this would likely have caused timing chain failure and severe engine damage.

Here’s a shot of the old and new rear guide:

VW VR6 Broken Timing Chain Guide


The complication with this engine design is that the timing chain is on the REAR of the engine.  So, to service the chain requires removal of the transmission.


Here’s the new guide in place.  Notice that the timing gear consists of two chains – an upper (hanging loose in this picture) and the lower.

VW VR6 Timing Chain and Guide

Notice the new (clean) upper chain guide installed?  The really unfortunate part about this design is that, to replacd this guide, the lower chain cover has to come off the engine.  This requires removal of the transmission and either the flex plate (automatic transmission cars) or the clutch and flywheel (manual transmission).


Here’s some shots of this engine going back together.


Head Gasket Installed:

VW VR6 Head Gasket

Head installed – notice the camshafts and the timing chain.

VW VR6 Camshafts

Here’s the head before installation of the intake manifold:

VW VR6 Intake Removed


Here’s the lower intake installed (with Fuel Injectors):

VW VR6 Lower Intake


Here’s the Upper Intake Installed (Starting to look like an engine again!):

VW VR6 Upper Intake


This particular VR6 is the simplier of the two main designs that VW made.  This one only has one camshaft per cylinder bank so it is technically a single-overhead-cam design (even though it ‘looks’ like a double cam design).  VW also made a double overhead cam version where the engine has a total of four camshafts.

Other derivatives of this engine design include the W design where two cylinder heads, both using narrow-angle pistons, are used.  This design made it into the W8 Passat.  There are also exotic W16 engines and other high power designs made by VW.

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Porsche Repair and Service in Salt Lake City, Utah

Porsche Service, Maintenance and Repairs offered by Integrity First Automotive

See our General Services Available webpage for items not listed here.

  • Porsche specialty computer diagnostics including factory CUP race cars!  We are the only independent shop in West Jordan with advanced Porsche computer diagnostic capabilities.
  • Porsche Gold-Meister Technician on staff / exclusive experience from classic 356 air-cooled to $500k GT Cars.
  • Service Interval / maintenance reminder resets for all Porsche models – including Cayenne
  • Factory Repair Manuals for 944, 928, 911, 968, 986 – Boxster
  • Oil change – Mobil 1 Synthetic and other lubricants available
  • Transmission service – Swepco lubricants available
  • 944, 928 Timing Belt and Timing Belt retensioning
  • long-life coolant
  • Valve Lash adjustment
  • Torsion Bar Upgrades
  • Brembo Brakes
  • Front-engine Porsche specialists 944, 924, 928, 968
  • Corvette LS-1 and other engine conversions
  • Cayenne under-intake coolant leak
  • Cayenne automatic transmission / torque converter fluid leak


Official Website:  Porsche USA

Rennlist – Porsche, Audi, BMW enthusiast site

Renegade Hybrids – Porsche engine conversion specialists

1991 Carrera 4

*Porsche is a registered trademark of Porsche AG and Porsche USA.

Internal Reviews and Testimonials

Thank you cards and other Testimonials

Damian saved us thousands on a transmission repair. When we were having problems after a transmission service he researched the problem fixing it with out having to spend the thousands of dollars for a new transmission that the dealership wanted. We were so grateful for his time and happy not to have to spend the money we didn’t need to.  We have appreciated his honesty in all our dealings with him, and is the only one we will let work on our cars.

Royce Family

Tysa Royce


As the owner of a tool business, I meet a lot of mechanics.  Of them all, I have my vehicles and my family’s vehicles serviced by Damian at Integrity First Automotive.  Damian is great to deal with and dedicated to honesty in his industry.  He is very capable and fixed an issue with my wife’s Nissan that had stumped numerous other shops and technicians.  This problem, until we met Damian, had cost us over $1500 in ineffective repairs.  We have had our vehicles serviced by him since and, in the 5+ years it has been, have received the same great service and expert ability as we did when we met.

Will Swigert

Will Swigert


I have had my Toyota Matrix since January 2003. During that time it has been regularly serviced by Damian Shaw of Integrity First Automotive. Additionally, my mother’s Mercury Tracer, my son’s Dodge Neon, and daughter’s Ford Contour have all been serviced and repaired by him, as well.

In every case, we have been more than satisfied by the work he has done. Service has been performed promptly and problems have been correctly identified. Mr. Shaw has made recommendations for preventive maintenance which would not have occurred to me. By doing so he has saved me from more costly repairs. He has earned my trust.

I will continue doing business with him; and I recommend him, and his company, with out any reservations. The name of his company should not be taken lightly. He is a very competent technician and a very honest businessman. To me, these qualities are the essence of integrity.

Richard Parry

Richard J. Parry


I first met Damian Shaw, the manager at Integrity First Automotive, when my wife’s car broke down in the parking lot of the school down the street from his house. We got the car to his house where he fixed the car that night and he had the car back to my wife the next morning. He has been my family’s mechanic since then. His expertise is only surpassed by the integrity with which he conducts his business.

His efficiency is most appreciated by my wife and our five children who just can’t afford to be without the family car for very long.

My family is now relocating to another state, and I think, more than the family we are leaving behind here in Utah, I will miss my mechanic at Integrity First Automotive.

Dr. Lorin Browne


Just before Christmas our 2001 Volvo V70 begain to have problems. We brought in to your shop and were introduced to a kind man named Damian. He was very helpful in helping us fix our car, especially knowing that we were heading out of town and needed our car. The car was fixed, we made it home for Christmas, and haven’t had issues since. I am currently graduating college and don’t know where I will end up. But, if I stay in Utah I have found a mechanic that I can trust. Thank you for your service and efforts. We are so appreciative for Damian who helped so much.

David & Tenky Pickett


Damian is excellent, truthful, to the point, and accurate. I appreciate the attention to detail and meticulous care you take with my BMW.

Matt DeGooyer



How We Save You Money

It is common to wait until your vehicle needs repairs before shopping for an automotive service facility. This leads people to comparison shop using the wrong metric: price. This is a natural mistake – but how else do you differentiate amongst your options?

More often than not, a noticeably lower price quote given over the phone really represents desperation or corner cutting. The truth is, even with work as simple as fixing squeaky brakes, a shop cannot give you an accurate price on your vehicle’s needs until they’ve looked at your car.

Once your vehicle is in need of repairs, the opportunity for significant savings will usually be in higher-priced services. For example, if you have a leaking water pump your shop can save you money by (if appropriate) replacing the drive-belt now and taking advantage of significant labor savings since these tasks completely overlap. Sadly, if your shop has started its relationship with you based on price you will likely not even be given this opportunity and ultimately you will spend more on your vehicle.

The real opportunity to save money is to perform preventative maintenance before your vehicle needs repairs. Industry research proves this will save you $1,000 – $1,500 per year.

Many shops will offer you maintenance but few know what you need. At Integrity First Automotive we take the same approach your family doctor would by considering information from:

The Past: Your vehicle’s service history

The Present: Our Integrity Inspections, a no-charge vehicle-comprehensive inspection performed on your vehicle during its service visit

The Future: A custom-to-you maintenance schedule reflecting your driving style, Utah’s driving conditions, our shop’s experience with your type of vehicle, etc.

Our software, exclusively developed for us, integrates all of this information and is at our staff’s finger-tips as a ‘medical chart’ of your vehicle. It is an invaluable guide to help us make informed, professional decisions about your car.

Why is this important? Simple: your situation is unique.

Good judgment can prevail if the technician knows your vehicle well. For example: A blanket mileage service (’50,000 mile service’) should be modified to match the vehicle’s history otherwise it can include things not really due. (EG if the 50,000 mile service includes changing antifreeze this would be wasteful if the vehicle’s water pump was replaced recently since that service required replacement of the antifreeze – our software system would tell us this).


The Question of Specialization…

People frequently ask us: what do you specialize in?

As our home page states we’re focused on two things:  Competency and Character.  In the ‘Competency’ efforts we have added multiple diagnostic computers to our equipment list and are proud to have the following capabilities – a list no other independent auto shop in Utah can match:

Factory Level Diagnostics:  BMW, Mini, VW, Audi, Mercedes, Smart, Land Rover, Jaguar, Ford, Mazda

(these are dealership level tools)

Advanced Level Diagnostics:  Porsche, Volvo,  Nissan (and Infiniti), Toyota (including Scion and Lexus), Honda (and Acura), Kia, Hyundai, Mitsubishi

(these are speciality shop level tools)

Professional Level Diagnostics:  Subaru, Suzuki, GM (including Chevrolet, Saturn, etc), Saab, Isuzu

(these are professional mechanic tools)

Due to the location of our shop and this list of capabilities we are the shop of choice for European vehicle service and any advanced service / diagnostic work in the South Jordan / West Jordan / Daybreak market.

Although we are proud of these capabilities this is only half of our business focus – the other half ‘Character’ is equally important to us.  In this area we specialize in:

Building Clients for life

Providing you with a Complete Picture of your vehicle’s condition now

Providing you with a Maintenance Schedule and Service Reminders to help you with the vehicle in the future

Delivering On Time, On Budget, and Fixed Right the First Time

Warranting our repairs for 2 years / 24,000 miles


Please browse our website to get a better sense of who we are.  You will like how we’re different.